The most famous example of the White Oak was the Wye Oak at Wye Mills, Maryland.
Leaves of White Oak, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 1998. Photo by Ann J. Baker.
Bark of White Oak, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 1998. Photo by Elizabeth W. Newell.
Sometime around its fiftieth year, a white oak begins to produce acorns and may produce 10,000 annually. Crowned with shallow caps that are smooth underneath, these acorns sprout soon after falling from the tree. Sweet to the taste, they are a dietary mainstay for over 80 species of birds and mammals. Native Americans ground acorns into flour, a technique they shared with early European settlers.
White oaks produce prime hardwood lumber with a fine, almost watertight grain, excellent for barrel staves.
November 5, 2002
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