J. Harvie Wilkinson III, Virginia, Chief Judge, 2003

Patricia S. Conner, Clerk

U.S. Courthouse Annex, 5th floor
1100 East Main St.
Richmond, Virginia 23219
(804) 916-2700

[photo, Thurgood Marshall statue, by Reuben Kramer, Garmatz Federal Courthouse, West Pratt St., Baltimore, Maryland] Diana Gribbon Motz, Maryland, Circuit Judge (410) 962-3606
Paul V. Niemeyer, Maryland, Circuit Judge (410) 962-4210
one vacancy

Garmatz Federal Courthouse
101 West Lombard St.
Baltimore, MD 21201 - 2671

Thurgood Marshall statue, by Reuben Kramer, Garmatz Federal Courthouse, West Pratt St., Baltimore, Maryland, April 2001. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.

The United States Courts of Appeals are intermediate appellate courts. They were created in 1891 to relieve overcrowding of the U.S. Supreme Court docket. The appeals courts are empowered to review all decisions of federal district courts, certain special courts, and administrative bodies, except in those few instances where direct review by the U.S. Supreme Court is mandated.

Under the United States Court of Appeals are thirteen judicial circuits. The fourth judicial circuit includes Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.

Fifteen judges sit on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. They are appointed for life terms by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. The judge with seniority who is under 65 years of age is designated Chief Judge. The Chief Judge may serve no longer than seven years.

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November 5, 2002   
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